Building in accessibility i.e. designing the Web experience so that all people have access to the information and functionality on a site is fundamental to Web design.You need to be aware of the issues that hinder accessibility and the techniques that enhance it when you build your template. The accessibility of your Web site can be crucial to its success because online businesses want to reach the greatest number of people possible, and those with disability constitute a considerable target group. Accordingly, accessible Web design aims to make content and interactions on the Web as accessible and barrier free as possible for all user groups.
What Can We Do?
There is no single solution that can address the multitude of potential barriers encountered by people with cognitive, learning, or other mental disabilities. When designing a Web site intended to reach a very broad audience, such as a local government site, you must consider all the usual issues of usability and accessibility with the highest attention to detail :
- Simple and clearly structured navigation
- Clean and optically clear fonts
- Many headers with signal-giving keywords
- Short texts with brief sentences that avoid "difficult" words
- Content reduced to its essence or most basic form
- Large selection of aids (FAQs, glossaries, etc.)
- In some cases, the following measures can be helpful:
- Using color coding
- Using ideograms and symbols
- Providing translation into several languages (including ASL)